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Vowel Sounds

1. LONG A - AHD Symbol /a-/

Common Spellings: a, ay, eigh, ai, a + consonant + e, ea


day / hay / weigh / Ray / may / Kay

gay / lay / make / date / hate / wait

rate / mate / Kate / gate / late / dame

haste / waste / raid / made / cape / game

lane / delay / repay / radio / taper / escapade

major / grenade




1. This is my roommate, Ray.

2. Jake and Kate brought a great cake.

3. I hate to wait for the news.

4. Let's not delay the game by changing the date. 

5. Don't you just hate to pay your taxes?

 

2. LONG E - AHD Symbol /e-/

Common Spellings: e, ee, ea, e + consonant + e, -y



he / three / be / we / she / tree

knee / gee / see / Lee / Dee / fee

key / pea / tea / agree / keep / heat

seat / seek / leap / meek / weak / bead

read / deep / sweep / repeat/ deplete / concede

sweet




1. Here, take this seat.

2. I think we all agree that that tree needs to be trimmed.

3. When does he go out to sea?

4. How can you leap to such sweeping conclusions?

5. This heat is depleting my energy.

 

3. LONG I - AHD Symbol /i-/

Common Spellings: i, ie, y, igh, i + consonant + e



 

hi / bye / tie / die / my / sigh

try / lie / eye / rye / guy / why

type / write / like / pipe / white / wipe

Mike / excite / ignite / light / wide / survive

night / time / wine / fine / line / prescribe

bind / nine / align / I'm / mime / blind

lime / pine / dine / rhyme




1. What time do you dine?

2. Try to write like this.

3. I'm fine right now.

4. Where did you buy that beautiful tie?

5. That was quite an exciting ride!

 

4. LONG O - AHD Symbol /o-/

Common Spellings: o, ow, oe, ough, o +consonant + e




hoe / row / bow / low / so / go

Joe / know / toe / low / foe / mow

oh / Poe / stow / woe / dough / slow

Pope / rope / goad / load / road / wrote

vote / note / slope / don't / elope / note

joke / soak / roam / cone / phone / tone 

grown



1. Edgar Allan Poe wrote many short stories.

2. Do you know where the note was stowed?

3. Leave a message after the tone and I'll phone you back.

4. You aimed your bow a little too low.

5. What kind of jokes do you know?

 

5. LONG OO - AHD Symbol /oo-/

Common Spellings: oo, u, ough, ue, ew, u + consonant + e



blue / too / through / who / woo / sue

drew / zoo / glue / review / you / construe

pursue / debut / Magoo / few / shoe / boo

tube / feud / exude / moon / June / soon

typhoon / balloon / resume / exhume / buffoon / cartoon

rude / reduce / new duke / rude / conclude

Luke / kook / excuse / tube / tune





UNDERSTAND Long OO and Long U


Long U - AHD /yoo-/

few / pew / ewe / excuse / perfume / huge

refuge / cute / beauty




1. Don't be too rude to Drew.

2. What can you deduce from the review of your play?

3. A few of us want to walk through the zoo.

4. June uses too much perfume.

5. How much fruit does that animal consume?

 

6. long U - AHD Symbol /yoo/





few / pew / ewe / excuse / perfume / huge / 
refuge / cute / beauty

Don't be too rude to Drew.
What can you deduce from the review of your play?
A few of us want to walk through the zoo.
June uses too much perfume.
How much fruit does that animal consume?




UNDERSTAND Long U and Long OO

LONG OO - AHD Symbol /oo-/
Common Spellings: oo, u, ough, ue, ew, u + consonant + e


blue / too / through / who / woo / sue / 

drew / zoo / glue / review / you / construe

pursue / debut / Magoo / few / shoe / boo

tube / feud / exude / moon / June / soon

typhoon / balloon / resume / exhume / buffoon / cartoon

rude / reduce / new duke / rude / conclude

Luke / kook / excuse / tube / tune

 

7. The OU Sound - AHD Symbol /ou/

Common Spellings: ow, ou



ow / how / wow / sow / cow / bow

now / chow / pow / row / vow / loud

route / about / shout / doubt / rowdy / dowdy

slouch / crouch / couch / powder / flowers / shower

dour / town / clown / round / gown / brown

down / mound /drown / found / wound / noun

pound / sound




1. How many pounds of ground round do you want?

2. If you take this route, you'll arrive in about an hour.

3. Do you doubt that I found out about my surprise shower?

4. We wound round and round until we found the town.

5. How many nouns have you found in this sentence?

 

8. The OI Sound - AHD Symbol /oi/

Common Spellings: oy, oi, eu


boy / coy / toy / Roy / soy / joy

koi / enjoy / employ / cloy / doily / annoy

poi / rejoice / voice / Boyd / Lloyd / avoid

voyage / Freud / loiter / join / joint / ointment

coin / choice / oyster / poison / cloister / void

moist / loyal / royal / flamboyant



1. Try some ointment on your joints.

2. That boy has too many toys.

3. I heard Freud's voice in my dream.

4. We made our choice by flipping a coin. 

5. Please void this check.

 

9. SHORT A - AHD Symbol /ă/

Common Spelling a (always followed by a consonant in a stressed syllable)



cat / bag / sag / lap / wrap / man 

last / fast / gas / track / pack / sandwich

Mac / half / have / has / apple / magazine

attitude / candid / tragedy / handy / cavity / habit

trash / laboratory / procrastinate



1. Wrap your trash in a bag.

2. I'll just sit on the grass with my magazine, my sandwich, and my apple.

3. What kind of an attitude is that?

4. The black cat is happy in my lap.

5. Sarah said I had bags sagging under my eyes.

 

10. SHORT E - AHD Symbol /e(/

Common Spellings : e, ea (always followed by a consonant in a stressed syllable)




bled / Deb / dead

debt / dread / den / fed / fled / head

jet / led / let / leapt / met / men

test / red / neck /rest / rev / said

Ted / invest / connect / address / suspect / west

wet / when / dress / stress / extend / regular

request / excellent





1. Ted cleared his debt with an investment.

2. This address will give you the connection you need.

3. Just let me rest my neck on the bed for a minute.

4. When did you request an extension on your deadline?

5. This red dress is all wet.

 

11. SHORT I - AHD Symbol /i(/

Common Spellings: i, y (always followed by a consonant in a stressed syllable)


 


is / it / in / wrist / kiss / fit

sip / swim / dim /gym / fix / hid

kid / pin / lip / lick / slip / wish

Dick / pick / sick / tip / list / Rick

history / continue / Mickey / resist / exit / Nicholas

consist / exist / trick / fish / switch /busy

triple / been



1. Do you wish to exit the theater?

2. I tried to slip this bracelet over my wrist, but it doesn't fit.

3. I wish to be picked up at six.

4. The list is hidden in a closet.

5. I've been busy.

 

12. SHORT O - AHD Symbol /o(/

Common Spelling o, a (always followed by consonants)






hop / stop / rob / job / Tom / sob

lock / rock / cop / John / Ron / palm

shop / lingerie / astonish / Connie / honest

operate / not / possible / stock / bottle / blond



1. Rob and Tom were stopped by a cop.

2. Connie sobbed and locked the door.

3. Is it possible you forgot to lock the shop when it got robbed?

4. Don got a job in a shop.

5. Stay calm and stop rocking the boat.

 

13. SHORT U - AHD Symbol /u(/

Common spellings: u, o (always followed by a consonant in a stressed syllable)


hut / but / bud / flood / cuddle / supper

pun / bun / ton / honey / come / son

fun / run / love / money / funny / jump

lump / summer / lovely / sudden / dumb / wonderful

pump / hug / bug / double




1. You look funny when you jump.

2. We won a ton of money.

3. Her son will come for supper.

4. This has been a wonderful summer.

5. The sun suddenly came flooding in.



 

 

UNDERSTAND Short U and Schwa Sound

Schwa Sound - AHD Symbol /&/
Common spellings: a, e , i, o, u

Note that almost any vowel in an unstressed syllable can be reduced to sound like the schwa sound. This vowel sound is only found in words or phrases with more than one syllable.

about / another / alone

alive / adjust / accumulate

possible / accomplish / animal

beautiful / investigate / constant

personal / residual / residence

photograph / photographer / Los Angeles

Santa Barbara / reliance / support / homocide



1. Is it possible to accomplish all that you want?

2. He's a well known photographer in Los Angeles.

3. The officers are investigating a possible homicide.

4. Who do you rely on for support?

5. I'd like to ask your advice on a matter of personal concern.


How did you accumulate so much insignificant junk?

 

14. SHORT OO - AHD Symbol /oo(/

Common Spellings : oo, ou, u (always followed by a consonant in a stressed syllable)




could / should / would / good / foot / look

put / took / soot / hood / push / woman

cook / nook / book / hook / shook / bush

brook / crook / cushy



1. Here's a book on healthful cooking.

2. Is this a very good neighborhood?

3. Doctor, could you look at my foot, please.

4. Would you give me a push?

5. Take a look at the woman in the red hood!

 

15. Schwa Sound - AHD Symbol /&/

Common spellings: a, e, i, o, u



Note that almost any vowel in an unstressed syllable can be reduced to sound like the schwa sound. This vowel sound is only found in words or phrases with more than one syllable.



about / another / alone

alive / adjust / accumulate

possible / accomplish / animal

beautiful / investigate / constant

personal / residual / residence

photograph / photographer / Los Angeles

Santa Barbara / reliance / support / homocide



1. Is it possible to accomplish all that you want?

2. He's a well known photographer in Los Angeles.

3. The officers are investigating a possible homicide.

4. Who do you rely on for support?

5. I'd like to ask your advice on a matter of personal concern.

6. How did you accumulate so much insignificant junk?




 

 

UNDERSTAND Short U and Schwa Sound

Short U - AHD Symbol /u(/
Common spellings: u, o



hut / but / bud / flood / cuddle / supper

pun / bun / ton / honey / come / son

fun / run / love / money / funny / jump

lump / summer / lovely / sudden / dumb / wonderful

pump / hug / bug / double




1. You look funny when you jump.

2. We won a ton of money.

3. Her son will come for supper.

4. This has been a wonderful summer.

5. The sun suddenly came flooding in.

 

16. COMPARE Long E and Short I



sheep / ship

deep / dip

read / rid

heat / hit

peat / pit

seek / sick




1. Why do you like to sit in this seat?

2. These shoes fit my feet.

3. At least make a list.

4. Don’t get rid of all the books I like to read.

5. We got hit real hard by the heat.

 

17. COMPARE Long A and Short E




raid / red

laid / led

wade / wed

bait / bet

mate / met

trade / tread



1. They led us to where the eggs had been laid.

2. Jed bought some beautiful jade.

3. Don’t let me be late.

4. Get the back gate.

5. Fred said his nerves were frayed.

 

 

18. Compare Long O and Short O


 

 

road / rod

hope / hop

soak / sock

coat / cot

toad / Todd

slope / slop

cloak / clock

code / cod




1. We always rode through town in a hot rod.

2. Todd found a toad.

3. My socks were soaked after the downpour.

4. Don’t throw your coat on the cot.

5. What’s the area code for Cape Cod?

 

 

19. Compare Long OO and Short U



soon / sun

tune / ton

super / supper

boon / bun

shoot / shut

coop / cup

mood / mud

boot / but





1. Soon the sun will set again.

2. There are a lot of roots in the rut.

3. They played a ton of tunes on the radio yesterday.

4. But where are your boots?

5. That was a super supper.

 

20. Compare Short Vowel Sounds

Compare Short I and Short E
 


pit / pet

Sid / said

hid / head

wrist / rest

fist / fest

did / dead

Miss / mess

lid / lead

bid / bed

slipped / slept

 



Compare Short A, SHort E, and Short O

 

 

bad / bed

Dad / dead

sad / said

sand / send

had / head

bag / bog

tan / ten

land / lend

rack / rock

fad / fed

cat / cot

band / bond

 

 

 

21. Open O - AHD Symbol /ô/

Common Spellings : aw, au, ou , o, al + consonant



saw / awful / coffee / draw / jaw / bought

taught / fought / Paul / paw / gaudy / raw

off / all /straw / caught / ought / dog

dawn / cough / pawn / walk / talk / water

thought / lawn / daughter

1. What happened to the dog's paw?

2. Paul looked awful the last time I saw him.

3. I ought to get up at dawn.

4. This cough is from the cold I caught.

5. I thought the coffee was awful today.



UNDERSTAND Open O and Short O (Regional Pronunciation)

saw / saw

awful / awful

off / off

caught / caught

dog / dog

walk / walk

water / water

coffee / coffee

 

22. Vowel + R part 1

u^r Sound - AHD Symbol /u^r/


 

 

were
hurt

bird
bur

sir
fur

dirt
shirt

learn
heard /herd

curd
skirt

Bert
serve

jerk
curt

word
work

 


1. The little girl whirled around in her long skirt.

2. Merle’s shirt is dirty.

3. A gull is a common seabird.

4. Where in the world did you get such curly hair?

5. It can be dull in a rural area.


a"r Sound - AHD Symbol /a"r/


 

 

art
car

card
cart

Bart
mart

mar
jar

tarp
sharp

start
park

dark
start

tar
far

 




1. Should I go to the mall or the corner mart?

2. Bart has dark hair, and Art is tall.

3. Betty called me when she got my card.

4. Can we go to the park and play ball?

5. Be sure to start out before dark.



 

ôr Sound - AHD Symbol /ôr/


 

 

order
orchestra

ford
fork

Porsche
lord

torpedo
cork

reward
sort

gorge
dork

north
sword

 

 



1. What sort of Ford do you own?

2. Order some forks for the salad.

3. We need to sort through the old boards.

4. What sort of orchestra plays in your city?

5. What’s the reward for the stolen Porsche?


 

 

23. Vowel + R Part 2

i^r Sound - AHD Symbol /i^r/


ear / near / hear / beer / gear / spear

tear / fear / jeer / deer / leer / seer

mere / rear / steer / we’re / weird / peer

career / year

1. Do your ears feel better?

2. We’re ready for some beer.


âr Sound - AHD Symbol /âr/


air / bear / stare / care / mare / hair

dare / wear / share / pare 

fair / lair / rare

1. That species of whale has become rare.

2. My sister and I share everything we wear.

3. We all care about clean air.


i-r Sound - AHD Symbol /i-r/


fire / tire / hire / pyre / wire / squire

inspire / require / ire / mine / liar / sire

spire / attire / desire / transpire

1. It’s time to fire that liar.  

2. Giles’ attire is always in style.

3. I’m too tired to file.

4. What inspired you to visit the Nile?

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